Acute pain here refers to any tissue injuries with pain usually reduced as injuries heal.
Example of causes: Sprain & Strain injuries: acute ankle sprains, acute whiplash injuries. Tendon & ligament inflammation Bone fracture Bruises, swelling Muscle spasm Open wounds Dental work Minor cuts and burns Irritable Bowel Syndrome
More and more Singaporean adults suffered from intolerable gout attack, caused by poor blood uric acid clearance. Acute gout is the result of inflammation on local tissues caused by deposition of crystallized uric acid and is one of the inflammatory joint diseases.
ONDAMED pulsed electromagnetic field has been applied in pain caused by inflammation to alleviate pain from gout by generally having an effect on the inflammatory mediators and temporarily sham the nociceptive pathway of pain sensation.
We use ONDAMED to manage pain caused by dental work so to aid in healing by reduce inflammation and discomfort in the mouth and oral areas following dental procedures. This technique does not require drug and is effective at your ease.
Weak muscle strength, poor circulation, nerve injury and wrong posture or otherwise spine and disc degeneration disease can cause chronic backaches. Backaches is one of the common pains among Singaporean, account for 0.5% of the total disease and injury burden, while 0.9% disability burden in Singapore (MOH, 2010).
Treatment of ONDAMED is believed to modulate nociceptive pain sensitive threshold and activation of anti-coalescence of red blood cell system to improve circulation for better pain treatment. Besides, researches have shown that PEMF was able to alleviate pain related to disc degeneration among the backaches sufferers.
Example of causes: Sciatica and radiculopathy Degenerative discs, slip disc Spondylolisthesis Fracture/osteoporosis Spinal stenosis Scoliosis Muscle tension
Neck pain can be caused by injuries, sprains and strains, poor posture, as well as degenerative disease. Nerve root irritation, neck muscle spasm, whiplash injuries, and cervical osteoarthritis or facet joint disease, cervical herniated disc can also cause acute and chronic neck pain which need instant pain relief treatment. ONDAMED can be conveniently used without just by placing applicator on the pain area while rest.
Chronic and severe headaches or migraine can ruin one’s life with disturbance to daily life activity, sleeping quality, as well as emotional well being. Headache is commonly grouped into three groups: tension, migraine and cluster headache.
ONDAMED with its advanced biofeedback technique allowed patients to achieve a calming state and eased their anxiety. ONDAMED is capable of interfering the loop of vicious cycle of stress related psychosomatic dilemma and reduced headaches, helping patient in improving their quality of life. ONDAMED can be used to help manage chronic headache without reliance to drugs.
Example of the causes: Cervical spine degenerative disease Neck/head/spinal injury Inflammatory disorders Sleep disorder Stress, depression, anxiety Poor posture Sensory stimuli Hormonal changes Allergic stress
Neuropathic pain is defined as pain after a lesion, injury, malfunction or disease of the peripheral or central nervous system. Neuropathic pain is different from nociceptive pain in which the former deals with “burning”, “electric”, “tingling” sensation in nature, while the later is associated with damaged to body tissues. Technically, nociceptive pain results from activity in neural pathways secondary to actual tissue damage or potentially tissue-damaging stimuli (Nicholson 2006). The most common types of neuropathic pain are peripheral neuropathy and painful postherpetic neuralgia (PHN).
Pain related to nervous system can have negative pathological changes that include prolonged peripheral or central neuronal sensitization, central sensitization related to damaged to nervous system inhibitory functions, and abdominal interactions between the somatic and sympathetic nervous system.
Central Pain Syndrome Central Pain Syndrome (CPS) is a neurological condition caused by neuropathy of the central nervous systems which include brain, brainstem and spinal cord, characterized by spontaneous pain sensation; some however may experience distortion of sensation or painful numbness. People who have strokes, spinal cord or brain trauma, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy might experience CPS. As CPS pain symptoms mark a mix of pain sensations (burning, crushing or stabling), ONDAMED can be used to treat this type of pain disregard of its pain characteristics. It is imperative to balance central sensitivity to pain, which ONDAMED can be genuinely effective in this way.
Example of causes of CPS: Spinal cord injury Arachnoiditis Cervical myelopathy Posterior Myelitis Bacterial infection (Shingles & encephalitis) Syringomelia End stage Aids Lead neuropathy Mercury toxicity Central post-stoke pain
Peripheral neuropathy Peripheral neuropathy is the result of damage to the peripheral nerve ranging from motor, sensory, autonomic nerve that gives painful neuropathic pain. One of the most common causes is diabetes mellitus. Research has shown that PEMF has analgesic effect on symptomatic diabetic foot.
Example of causes of peripheral neuropathic pain: Carpal tunnel syndrome Complex regional pain syndrome Herpes Zoster pain Post herpetic Neuralgia Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy HIV sensory neuropathy Idiopathic sensory neuropathy Painful diabetic neuropathy Scars tissue pain Spinal radiculopathy Trigeminal neuralgia Occipital neuralgia
Other than chronic back and lower back pain, neck pain, most musculoskeletal pain issues include pain caused by damaged muscle, ligament and tendon tissue due to overwork, injury or trauma or nerve damage. Other musculoskeletal cause includes fibromyalgia that is associated with chronic, wide-spread pain and is sometime unresponsive to pharmacological treatment. ONDAMED has been used to treat tissue related pain with pain relieving results after several ONDAMED muscle pain protocol.
Inflammatory pain results from the increase excitability of peripheral nociceptive sensory fibres produced by the action of inflammatory mediators (Linley et al 2010). Pain caused by autoimmune skin diseases such as psoriasis, severe vasulitis, sores or flare-ups on the skin, systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) is generally chronic and require long-term management.
Cancer pain is commonly caused by the growth of tumor that compresses the nerves or organ in the body. Besides, cancer surgery and chemo drug might cause acute or chronic pain. It has been reported that pain of post-cancer surgery may occur in 50% of patients (The British Pain Society’s 2013). Cancer pain can be very complex, especially when dealing with intractable neuropathic pain in origin, caused by tumour invasion of meninges, spinal cord and peripheral nerves. ONDAMED, as a complimentary therapy provides supports to cancer patient for pain management.
Psychogenic pain is a pain disorder that is attributed by psychological factors. It is a term used for “pain that patients feel in region of the body where no peripheral cause can be found and is psychogenic in its evocation”. Thus, emotion, belief, mental health can influence pain severity. A vast array of pain symptoms include muscle spasm, headaches, back pain, back pain. ONDAMED uses a biofeedback mechanism to detect and treat pain which might be caused by depression, chronic pain and insomnia, fibromyalgia.